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Symbolfoto: Das AIT ist Österreichs größte außeruniversitäre Forschungseinrichtung

Plug&plAy eneRgy ManagEmeNt for hybrID Energy Storage


The challenges in the ongoing energy transition as well as the need to meet national, European, and United Nations’ goals require the integration of more decentralised renewable energy generation units into existing distribution systems. PARMENIDES is addressing the challenge by offering interoperable solutions that optimise flexibility utilisation, through various storage technologies at different aggregation levels and time scales.


PARMENIDES specializes in developing, deploying, and validating cutting-edge, interoperable, and secure concepts and solutions that provide flexibility services by using Hybrid Energy Storage Systems (HESS). HESS serves as a virtual abstraction of various storage technologies, including battery storage systems, hydrogen storage, heat pumps, buildings, district heating networks, electric vehicles, and more.


  • PARMENIDES will develop a system architecture ensuring the interoperable, reliable, and secure exchange of data and instructions among energy system services and flexible assets in the HESS.
  • PARMENIDES aims to create a novel ontology called the "PARMENIDES Energy Community Ontology (PECO)," designed to facilitate the operation of energy communities. PECO places a strong emphasis on optimizing energy flows and maximizing locally generated energy. A unique aspect of this approach involves characterizing various storage technologies and abstracting them into a generalized HESS. This abstraction enables optimization decoupled from underlying storage technology, allowing a focus on the desired optimization goal.
  • PARMENIDES will create and validate an innovative Energy Management System, the "PARMENIDES EMS4HESS," capable of handling virtual representations of diverse storage technologies, time resolutions, and aggregation levels. All information will be sourced from the PECO, ensuring fast integration into energy communities with a "plug & play" approach. Real-time data guides operations, while historical data informs AI-based modules for forecasting and learning customer and community behaviours. The optimization of energy flows will consider a variety of technical, economic, customer behavioral and regulatory constraints. These include voltage and thermal limitations from the distribution grid, community price and tariff information including national energy community sharing implementations, customer comfort preferences, and various other factors.
  • PARMENIDES will engage in end-user research involving energy community participants, pilot customers, and key stakeholders in Austria and Sweden. This research aims to understand and define roles, behaviours, values, and  specifc goals in the context of energy communities and flexibility services.
  • The PARMENIDES EMS4HESS will undergo long-term evaluation and demonstrations in diverse settings withtwo pilots in Austria and Sweden, along  with an additional virtual environment for further tests. The Austrian pilot covers two municipalities in Styria (Gasen and Heimschuh), featuring varied energy communities and storage technologies. The Swedish pilot covers the KTH Live-in-lab in Stockholm, equipped with diverse storage technologies.

Role of AIT

The AIT Center for Energy is the project coordinator and oversees the following activities:

  • Development of the PECO for the operation of energy communities and optimal utilization of HESS. This involves leveraging expertise from grid operations, energy communities, and storage technologies.
  • Development, deployment, and validation of a data-driven Grid Capacity Management (GCM) system to determine technical constraints from the low-voltage grid and to assess the flexibility potential of existing storage technologies.
  • Provision of a framework and support for software integration and interoperability testing by employing the interoperability-by-design methodology through the AIT VLab framework.

Furthermore, the following activities are supported by AIT experts:

  • Development of specific use cases for implementation in the demonstrators.
  • Definition of a secure and reliable ICT architecture.
  • Establishment of the hardware and software infrastructure for the demonstration region in Austria.
  • Demonstration, system validation and analysis of results.
  • Market analysis and the formulation of business models.
  • Public relations, communication, and dissemination of project results.