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Macro- and Microscopic Microstructure Examinations

  • In-depth analyzes of the materials and their respective process histories

  • Identification of problems in the manufacturing process, e.g. with respect to casting and forming parameters, heat treatments or the input of foreign material

scientist looks at material in metallography laboratory

Our Services


  • Preparation and documentation of sections of metallic materials and composite material samples
  • Section analysis according to test standard as well as beyond that so as to be tailored to the respective Task
  • Micromechanical analysis (down to individual phases) by means of Vickers microhardness measurement acc. to EN 6507-1
  • Quantitative determination of particle and cell sizes acc. to ASTM E112
  • Documentation and analysis of samples from forming and heat treatment tests

Technical Data

Test ProcedurePerformance ParametersApplication
Microstructure characterisation
  • Section preparation
  • Recordings in incident light and with polarising filter
  • Magnification up to 1000x

Optimisation of casting parameters

Evaluation of element influences of complex material composites, weld seams, etc..

Particle size measurement
  • Linear intercept method
  • a few μm up to several mm

Influence of particle refining or cooling rates

Microstructural homogeneity

Microhardness measurement
  • Microhardness measurement according to Vickers
  • 1g to 1000g impression weight

Effect of heat treatment parameters

Mechanical analysis of individual phases

Topology measurement

Confocal white light microscopy

  • vertical: ≥20nm
  • Lateral: several cm

Preparation of surface profiles

3D documentation of surface qualities

Abrasion depths, etc.

Fracture surface analysisStereomicroscopy, SE-REM analysis

Analysis of fracture types

structural and chemical analysis of inclusions

Accredited testing methods

  • EN ISO 6507-1
  • ASTM E 112-13