The genus Trichoderma comprises numerous species with high relevance to industry and agriculture. Therefore this genus is subject to detailed studies from strain screenings to basic research to industrial development worldwide. Versatile tools are available for these fungi, which makes them optimal workhorses in biotechnology.
Trichoderma spp. have a history of research that dates back more than a century and currently over 200 species are described with thousands of strains isolated from all over the world. Known as GRAS organisms (generally regarded as safe), Trichoderma spp. are broadly applied as biotechnological workhorses for homologous and heterologous protein production, as biocontrol agents against diverse pathogens and model organisms for plant cell wall degradation and light response.
Schuster, A. and Schmoll M. (2010) Biology and Biotechnology of Trichoderma. invited review, Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 87(3):787-99
Schmoll, M., Esquivel-Naranjo, E. U. and Herrera-Estrella, A. (2010) Trichoderma in the light of day – physiology and development. Invited review, Fung Genet Biol 47(11): 909 - 916.
Mukherjee, P. K., Horwitz, B. A., Singh, U. S, Mukherjee M. and Schmoll, M. (2013) Trichoderma in agriculture, industry and medicine: An overview. In: Trichoderma – Biology and Applications, Mukherjee, P. K., Horwitz, B. A., Singh, U. S., Mukherjee, M and Schmoll, M. eds; CAB International, UK; pp 1 – 9