Growing Older, stAying mobile Transport needs for an aging society
The increasing share of older people in the European population causes challenges for the future transportation system. Older people have specific, heterogeneous and varying requirements, which have to be considered enhancing their mobility options. Due to the fact, that “the typical elderly” does not exist, this work is focusing on the development of distinguishable and internally cohesive types of the older people for enabling the development of more customized solutions in mobility research.
In order to do so different information sources and analysis methods (quantitative statistical analysis of a pan-European databases, qualitative analysis of literature, in-depth interviews of experts, workshops) have been applied in a multi-stage approach. In total, the following five profiles have been identified which differ in demographics, physical and mental state of health, life satisfaction, activities and social networks, mobility behavior, technology usage as well as in coping strategies after incisive live changing events: Fit as a Fiddle including the youngest and active elderly; Hole in the Heart describing older people with severe limitations in younger ages; Happily Connected comprising socially active elderly with high life satisfaction; Oldie but a Goodie including the quite old but independent and mobile; the Care-Full containing those who need a lot of care and are not able to manage their daily lives on their own. The profiles provide the basis for identifying current and future transport needs of older people in consideration of the heterogeneity in this population.
The action plan focused on the development of innovative solutions for transport needs of older people in the near future, was the main objective, which will guide future development and research programs. The action plan will be based on a thorough review of existing knowledge, its coherent understanding and interpretation, future scenario assessment taking into account societal, technological and other developments, stakeholder consultation, and the identification of research needs.