Measures to ensure safety in the airspace for authorities and organisations with safety responsibilities
The rapid development of small unmanned aerial systems is driving the exponential growth of the commercial sector and poses an asymmetric threat as a potential means of attack against a background of inefficient defences. While in the near past expert knowledge was necessary for the operation of unmanned aerial systems, commercial products already have additional functionality for their use as potential means of attack. It is also clear from current technology forecasts that flight systems will have increasing autonomy in the next evolutionary step. Against the background of the increasing change in the security policy threat situation, an adaptation of the threat scenarios by considering unmanned flight systems as potential means of attack is of decisive importance. Especially in the civil sector, this problem has so far been insufficiently addressed by research and industry, which means that no satisfactory solutions are available today.
Based on the findings of the G7 Summit 2015 and Bilderberg Meeting 2015, in which public stakeholders were partially involved, technological, legal and ethical challenges were identified. The present project builds on these findings as well as on results from ongoing projects. Thus, the problem can be further developed in a targeted manner on the basis of scenarios relevant to public authorities. The overall objective of this project is the holistic consideration of the threat posed by unmanned aerial systems as a potential means of attack from a technological, ethical and legal point of view. Technologically, the focus is on interpreting the situation and understanding the threat from the airspace by using artificial intelligence as a basis for semi-automatic tools for decision support and measures for situation-dependent intervention based on scenarios relevant to the authorities. From an ethical and legal point of view, official intervention is regarded as a potential means of attack against the background of legal compliance and the terrorist use of aircraft. The results are shown in the form of a functional technology carrier, based on scenarios relevant to the authorities.