Defence of unmanned aerial vehicles for authorities and organisations with security tasks
Unmanned aircraft in various price and weight categories with basic functions such as waypoint navigation or programmable digital outputs can be purchased commercially. This provides a potential attacker with all functionalities necessary for an attack, making these devices a potential source of interference. From a security policy point of view, in order to maintain the security of supply with vital goods and services in and for Austria, an adaptation to changing threat scenarios is of crucial importance. At present, the protection of critical infrastructure is oriented differently depending on the individual threat potential. Especially in the civil sector, this problem has so far been insufficiently addressed by research and industry, so that research results are insufficiently available today.
Based on these cross-border findings from the German G7 summit in 2015 and the Austrian Bilderberg meeting in 2015, technological, legal and ethical challenges were identified which are addressed in this project in a targeted manner. At these meetings, the German Federal Criminal Police Office in Wiesbaden and the Austrian Federal Ministry of the Interior have already been able to cooperate very closely and efficiently to ensure the safety of their guests. This bilateral research project builds on these cross-border findings and takes the decisive next steps.
The overall objectives of this project are:
- Development and evaluation of technology components, in particular methods and procedures of electro-optics, acoustics and communication technology for the detection and defence of potential threats from the air by proportional means of intervention as well as the fusion of different sensor modalities to ensure robust and reliable sensor technology.
- Co-design of user processes and user interfaces for modern civil defence systems for unmanned aerial vehicles, with emphasis on interoperability with existing crisis management systems and decision support.
- Investigation of legislative approaches that allow for rule-of-law intervention and the application of technological measures in accordance with the legal basis.
- Implementation and validation of the selected governmental relevant scenarios of the users, with a focus on the protection of persons and critical infrastructure.
- Investigation of the social and ethical aspects for the use of such technologies in the civil sector.
A special focus is placed on the creation of a technological added value of the technologies used in relation to the state of the art, as well as an operating guide for the official application of the technology and as a basis for decisions on possible official purchases. The results are presented in the form of a functional technology carrier, based on scenarios relevant to the authorities.