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Materials

Solids (ceramics, metals, glass, composites, plastics, building materials), powders (mineral, metal, organic, mixtures), Liquids, viscous materials and mixtures

Measured quantities

Thermophysical properties (-180 °C to 1600 °C)
Thermal conductivity λ(T)Heat capacity cp(T)Thermal expansion ΔL(T)/L0
Thermal diffusivity a(T)Density ρ(T)Linear coefficent of thermal expansion CTE(T)
Thermal analysis (-180 °C to 1600 °C)
Characteristic temperatures
Onset, endset, and/or temperature ranges for: transition (glass transition, Curie transition), transitions processes, reactions, melting, etc.
Enthalpy analysis: transitions (glass transition, Curie transition), crystallisation processes, crystallinity (polymers), reactions, melting, thermal stability (ageing, oxidation)
Mass change and evolved gas analysis (-120 °C to 1600 °C)
Thermal decomposition: pyrolysis, ashing, debinding, outgassing
Sample-gas reactions: redox, hydration, sorption, etc.

Kinetic Anlysis

Based on measured data from a targeted design of experiment, formal kinetic methods are used to derive constitutive material equations.

Application examples
Prediction of reaction progress (e.g. sorption rate, curing)
Optimisation of temperature control (e.g. debinding, sintering)
Determination of constitutive material equations for subsequent simulations:
space-resolved temperature field simulations (FE) considering local reaction enthalpies
space-resolved stress-strain simulations considering local technological processes (e.g. sintering, shrinkage)